A 4th & 5th axis machine shop is in high demand right now in a world using mechanical parts in various fields such as medical, optical, aerospace and more. In today’s digital age, one of the most sought milling techniques is CNC precision machining. Therefore, it’s important that you look for a machine shop that offers 4th & 5th Axis milling. If you’re new to CNC, you should know the differences and the best machine to choose based on the applications.
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It has three primary axies (X, Y, and Z). In the real world, this concept is represented by height, width, and depth. From a technical standpoint, this machine is practical for any most work that requires axial movements.
The 3-Axis machine involves the motion of a spindle. But what makes this machine valuable is the ability to deliver the repeatability that is no comparison to manual, hand operated, machines.
While these machines can cut just about anything, steel and aluminum remain the most common materials machined on a 3-axis mill. In addition, because all the axes move simultaneously, you can be sure you’ll get the perfect geometric precision, and finishing with accuracy. 3-Axis machining can be used on a variety of features.
While the 4-Axis machining uses the same processes as 3-Axis machining, it adds rotation to the mix. For example, a 3-axis machine can cut holes in most fabrication works while a 4-axis machine can rotate holes from every angle. Additionally, due to the rotational of the 4-axis, the machine can be useful in intermittent cutting, engraving surfaces with curves, and continuous cutting. It’s quick, efficient, and gives precise results.
The 5-axis machining uses the same concept as 4-axis and 3-axis machining, but it has 3 linear axis and 2 rotational axes. The two additional axes hold the tool in a fixed position which makes it useful in the machining process. Therefore, with the 3+2 system, you can achieve complex geometries. You’ll see, this explains why 5-axis machining is used in oil and gas machine parts, medical, architectural, titanium pieces, artificial bones, and military products.
Here are the benefits of 5-axis machining:
- Maximized setup- if you’re working on contoured parts, you can achieve complex geometry.
- Rotational accuracy- 5-axis machining allows you to achieve a precise cut and create multiple shapes.